भारतीय शिक्षा
मनुष्य में जो संपूर्णता सुप्त रूप से विद्यमान है उसे प्रत्यक्ष करना ही शिक्षा का कार्य है। स्वामी विवेकानन्द                      There are no misfit Children, there are misfit schools, misfit test and studies and misfit examination. F.Burk                     शिक्षा का वास्तविक उद्देश्य आंतरिक शक्तियों को विकसित एवं अनुशासित करने का है। डॉ. राधा कृष्णन                      ज्ञान प्राप्ति का एक ही मार्ग है जिसका नाम है, एकाग्रता और शिक्षा का सार है मन को एकाग्र करना। श्री माँ

शिक्षा में परिवर्तन हेतु सुझाव

शिक्षा में परिवर्तन हेतु सुझाव

शिक्षा में सुधार हेतु जब हम विचार करते है तो मुख्यत: तीन बिन्दुओं पर विचार आवश्यक:-

1 शिक्षा के उद्देश्य

2 शैक्षिक वातावरण का सृजन

3 विद्यार्थियों के व्यक्तित्व का समग्र विकास।

1      शिक्षा का उदे्श्य जीवन जीने का लक्ष्य एवं जीवन जीने हेतु व्यवस्था।

– जीवन जीने के लिये चरित्र निर्माण एवं व्यक्तित्व के समग्र विकास की आवश्यकता

2      संस्थाओं में शैक्षिक वातावरण के उन्नयन के लिये आधारभूत ढांचे की उपलब्धता, विद्यार्थियों के लिये आवश्यक मूल सुविधाएँ तथा समर्पित, प्रतिबध्द अध्यापकों का चयन/ निर्माण आवश्यक।

3      शिक्षा का विस्तार एवं विकास

उपरोक्त बातों की पूर्ती हेतु दो प्रकार से योजना आवश्यक है-

1. तात्कालिक सुधार हेतु योजनाएँ

2. लम्बे समय की योजना

सुधार हेतु विभिन्न सुझाव

  • विद्यालयीन पाठयपुस्तकों के निर्माण हेतु पाठय पुस्तक                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 मंडल बनाया जाए।
  • सरकारी विद्यालयों के स्तर के सुधार हेतु निश्चित योजना।

– सामाजिक संस्थाओं को विद्यालय गोद देना।

– जिस विस्तार में विद्यालय है वहां के प्रतिष्ठित नागरिकों की एक समिति गठित

करके उनका सहयोग लिया जाए।

– विद्यालयों में आवश्यक सुविधाएँ उपलब्ध कराना।

1. पीने का स्वच्छ पानी   2. स्वच्छता गृह 3. खेल का मैदान एवं साधन

4. पुस्तकालय इत्यादि।

पाठयक्रम में सुधार हेतु सुझाव

  • सभी पाठयपुस्तकों में मूल्य का समावेश हो।
  • गणित के अन्तगर्त वैदिक गणित का समावेश हो।
  • योग को अनिवार्य विषय बनाया जाए।
  • संगीत एवं कला को भी एक विषय के रूप में जोड़ा जाय।
  • राष्ट्रगौरव भी एक विषय के रूप में हो।
  • सभी विषयों के शुरू में उस विषय के भारतीय इतिहास को दर्शाया जाए।
  • के ही उपयोग हो।
  • अंग्रेजी की पाठयपुस्तकों के उदाहरण भारतीय हो।
  • शिक्षा के सभी संस्थानों में प्रार्थना को अनिवार्य किया जाए।
  • शिक्षा में व्यवहारिकता लाई जाए।
  • राज्य की आवश्यकता के अनुसार व्यवसायिक पाठयक्रम शुरू किये जाय।
  • विद्यालयों, महाविद्यालयों एवं छात्रावासों  में स्वास्थय परीक्षण अनिवार्य किया जाय। (वर्ष में कम से कम दो बार)
  • शिक्षकों के नियमित प्रशिक्षण हेतु एक संस्था बने।

शिक्षक के चयन के बाद नौकरी का                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 मास उनके प्रशिक्षण हेतु हो।

उसमें शिक्षक की भूमिका, उनके निश्चित विषय के ज्ञान तथा छात्रों के विकास हेतु इत्यादि विषय हो।

  • में सुधार हेतु एक समिति का गठन किया जाए।

निश्चित समय में क्रमश: सुधार की योजना बने।

  • विश्वविद्यालय की स्थापना हो।

जिसमें सामान्य से लेकर व्यवसायिक, तकनीकी सारे पाठयक्रम का समावेश हो। इस विश्वविद्यालय को                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 स्वरूप देने की योजना हो।

  • संस्कृत                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 विश्वविद्यालय भी खोला जाय।
  • शिक्षा में सामाजिक कार्य को अनिवार्य किया जाए।
  • व्यवसायिक एवं तकनीकी महाविद्यालय सरकार के द्वारा खोले जाए जिसमें शुल्क समान्य हो (आय के अनुसार भी व्यवस्था हो सकती है, करर्णाटक सरकार ने अच्छा प्रयोग किया है)
  • शिक्षा में व्यापारीकरण को रोका जाए।
  • केन्द्र सरकार की शिक्षा संबधी योजनाओं के अध्ययन हेतु एक समिति बने।
  • राज्य में खेल अकादमी स्थापित की जाए।

– विद्यालयों में खेल अनिवार्य किया जाए

– खेल अकादमी के माध्यम से पढ़ाई छोड़ देने वाले छात्रों युवकों हेतु भी योजना

बनाई जाए।

  • उपरोक्त योजना को क्रियान्वीत करने हेतु

– एक आयोग का गठन हो सकता है।

– परिसंवाद, परिचर्चा, कार्यशालाओं का आयोजन हो।

– अन्य प्रांतो की शिक्षा व्यवस्था कुछ सामाजिक स्तर पर चल रहे विभिन्न प्रयोगों का

एवं विदेश जानकारी प्राप्त करके इन सब का अध्ययन करके अपने राज्य की आवश्यकता अनुसार व्यवस्था बने।

– विषयों के अनुसार समितियों का गठन हो।

– कुछ विषयों के अध्ययन एवं शोध केन्द्र बनाये जा सकते है।

– इस प्रक्रिया में समाज के सभी वर्गो को सम्मिलित करके सहयोग लिया जाय।

– राज्य के बाहर के विद्वानों को भी सम्मिलित करके सहयोग लिया जा सकता है।

– सुधार हेतु समय-पत्रक बनाकर ठोस परिणाम कारक योजना बने।

SUGGESTION FOR CREATIVE CHANGE IN EDUCATION

Whenever we think about making the changes in “Education” it is compulsory to think over three main points:-

1- The objective of the education.

2- Creation of educational environment.

3- All round personality development of the students.

The aim of the education – The goal of life. Arrangements to lead a life, Availability of infra structure for the upliftment of educational environment in the institutions, basic facility for the students and selection/ making of devoted and committed teachers is necessary, extension and development of education. All pervasive education must generally be available to all. Two kinds of planning is compulsory to realize the above said things.

  • Planning for immediate reform
  • Planning for  a long  term reform

A Corporation is set up for text books and these be written under one roof.

Various suggestions for reform

  • A School text book writing board should be framed.
  • A definite plan for the up gradation of standard/level/quality/ performance of Government schools.

Make the social institutions ready to adopt schools.

To seek the help of the prestigious citizens through framing a                  committee in those extensions where the schools exist.

  • To make available the necessary facilities in the schools. Pure drinking water, toilets, playground for games & sports, library, Laboratory.

SUGGESTION TO REFORM THE SYLLABUS

1)     Vedic Mathematics must be included in the syllabus of Mathematics.

2)     Faculty of Vedic Mathematics must be started atleast in one university.

3)     Yoga must be made a compulsory subject.

4)     Values of Human life must be integrated into the books of all subjects.

5)     Music and art should be added as subjects.

6)     Pride of Nation should find a prominent place in our curriculum

7)     Character building and all round development of student’s personality should be a part of the whole system of education.

  • The student should read in the beginning of the books. Bharatiya History of the respective subject.
  • Devnagari Numberal of respective state should be used in the text books being used there.
  • English text book must be nationalized.
  • An autonomous education commission be constituted on the pattern of election commission.
  • The student should learn by doing as recommended by Dealor’s commission
  • Practicability should be realised in the education.
  • Professional syllabus should be started to fulfill the needs of the state.
  • Periodic Medical Check up should be necessary in the schools, colleges and hostels at least twice a year.
  • There should be constant comprehensive tanning programmes  for the teachers. In the training programmes the teacher may be motivated to have a commitment for the profession, subject, student and the state. The teacher should have total development of there personality so that they can do the same for the students.
  • First month of the service after the selection of a teacher should be reserved for the necessary trainings. The training’s focus must be on the role of a teacher , the knowledge  of teaching subjects personal effort for all round development of the students
  • A committee should be formed to reform the examination system and its evaluation.

Gradual reform in a time frame should be planned. A university be established to teach all the subjects in mother tongue in which the subjects in general, vocational and technical syllabus should be included. The university should act as a role model. Ayurved As well As Sanskrit University should also be opened.

  • Social service to be obligatory at every terminal stage.
  • Business and technical colleges should be started by the government the fees must be nominal. It may vary according to the income of the guardians. Karnataka government is having a good experiment.
  • The fields of education should not have as profit motive.
  • A committee should exist to justify the educational standard of the government schools.
  • Games should be made a part and parcel.
  • Games should be made essential in the school.
  • There should be an institution for drop outs be setup and their energies can be channelised to some useful social productive work.
  • Symposiums seminars workshop should be organized at regular intervals. There should be an exchange of information, innovation and experiment.
  • Subject committees should be organized.
  • The talent and wisdom can be spotted out from the different part of the country and they can be brought together to evolve the strategy for development of education, culture and both of the country. Information on various subjects be brought out through pamphlets autonomous commission will see the over all implementation of the decision, schemes and plans as enumerated above.
  • Solid and resulting plans should be chalked out by making pamphlets from time to time.
  • A commission may be established to implement the above said plans.

Study and research centers may be started for some subjects. Social help must be sought by involving all the classes in the process.

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9 thoughts on “शिक्षा में परिवर्तन हेतु सुझाव

  1. satish kumar.

    i fell happy to know your planing about good education for india,

    i am from bihar, now study in taiwan,how can be change better education for india?

  2. Pushpesh Pandey

    we have to think about review all the education system and policies,will help to salve many problems.

  3. R k Shrivastava

    jankari aur gyan ka anter samjhe.aaj ka samay spardha ka hai atha time management samjaya jai.anatha jinko pakda tha hath saghakar way kewal dastana nikale na ho jaye

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